Revolutionary War Ancestor

Compiled by Jaime Simmons

The West Virginia State Archives and History Library collection includes many titles useful to researchers hoping to document the Revolutionary service of their ancestors. Men from the western counties of Virginia served throughout the Revolutionary era, and the Library's resources focus on relevant Virginia material. Veterans living in what is now West Virginia served from other states as well, and to that end, the bibliography which follows includes materials from the states which provided the most veterans to our settlement period.

When searching for evidence of an individual's involvement in the Revolutionary War, probably the most important, as well as most difficult task, is to establish a relationship between a specific individual and names which appear on various lists, rolls and registers. Such sources do not commonly provide personal information. A thorough search of the lineage should first establish the ancestor's place of residence, approximate age, names of kinsmen, wife and neighbors or any other identifying information. A firm foundation allows a meaningful comparison with military records.

Prior to 1863, West Virginia was part of Virginia. Most relevant Virginia records are arranged by county. The jurisdictional landscape of the western counties of Virginia, by the Revolutionary War era, limits the number of counties it is necessary to search for evidence of residence. Because counties were created from older, larger counties, Augusta County as well as other Virginia counties originally had jurisdiction over what is now West Virginia. The County of Kentucky was formed during the war, only to be broken into smaller units three years later, and finally achieved statehood in 1792. Illinois included all the land within Augusta County's jurisdiction north of the Ohio River. This was ceded to the Federal government in 1784. The order of formation was as follows:

1743 Frederick County, VA from Orange County
1745 Augusta County, VA from Orange County
1754 Hampshire County from Augusta and Frederick Counties
1770 Botetourt County, VA from Augusta County
1772 Berkeley County from Frederick County
1772 Fincastle County, VA from Botetourt County
1772 Monongalia County from Augusta County
1772 Ohio County from Augusta County
1772 Yohogania County from Augusta County
1777 Kentucky County from Fincastle County
1777 Montgomery County, VA from Fincastle County
1778 Greenbrier County from Botetourt and Montgomery Counties
1778 Illinois County from Augusta County
1780 Fayette County from Kentucky County
1780 Jefferson County from Kentucky County
1780 Lincoln County from Kentucky County

Virginia claimed the land in present day western Pennsylvania by right of charter, and had a presence at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers by 1754. Many of the earliest residents considered themselves Virginians, having previously lived in the Potomac River watershed. Ohio County originally included a western segment of Greene and Washington Counties in Pennsylvania. Monongalia County included the remainder of Greene County, a southern section of Washington County and a western slice of Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Yohogania County, which became extinct less than a decade later, encompassed those parts of Beaver and Allegheny Counties south of the Ohio and Allegheny Rivers, the remainder of Washington and Fayette Counties and all of Westmoreland County. Residents of this area may appear on Pennsylvania and Virginia military records, as units were recruited from the area. Virginia regiments departed for operations on the western frontier from bases at or near Fort Pitt. The Tenmile Country and Its Pioneer Inhabitants, by Greene County historian Howard L. Leckey contains an interesting series of articles on this subject.

Remember that contemporary accounts will be found in the county which had jurisdiction at the time the record was created, and references to geographical features or military action will be described in the context of county boundaries as they existed at the time the account was written. County records containing veterans' depositions and pension records will reflect the evolution of newer counties, as the shape of western Virginia borders began to approximate the familiar. An excellent resource is Michael F. Doran's Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia: 1634-1895. This series illustrates changes in county boundaries in ten year intervals with maps showing Virginia and West Virginia as one geopolitical unit.

A slightly positive correlation appears to exist between movements of militia on the frontier and later migration routes. A quick check of A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 gives synopses of unit organization and officers, with geographic origin and service, where known. The Wisconsin Historical Society's Draper series allows a more thorough study of operations along the western and southern frontier, with a look at contemporary correspondence between officers and government officials.

Veterans of the war with at least three years service were eligible for military land bounty warrants. Since most land in western Virginia had already been granted, these men received warrants for land in the Virginia Military Reserve areas in Ohio and Kentucky. Compilations by Brumbaugh and Wilson list those who received warrants in Ohio and Kentucky, respectively. Microfilm of documents from the Library of Virginia contain original testaments by officers and/or comrades documenting eligibility. These items, sometimes just scrapes of paper, contain more information than can be found in classic references by Gwathmey or Eckenrode.

Public service claims refer to certificates issued to those citizens who provided supplies for military use. These were later presented to officers of the court at a special session . Clerks of some counties listed the original holder of the certificate, the item used and the value assigned. Reddy's West Virginia Revolutionary Ancestors is an alphabetical list of names and counties. The Library also has microfilm of the extant records, including counties in Virginia. Recent transcriptions of individual counties contain much of the information found on the original.

Naming patterns in several ethnic groups can create an additional obstacle when more than one individual had the same name. Nettie Shreiner-Yantis' three volume set, The 1787 Census of Virginia, can be used to suggest how many service-aged men with similar names lived in a county. It contains representative lists for all counties shown above, except those which later became extinct. The Library also has microfilm of the personal property tax lists for Berkeley, Ohio and Greenbrier Counties, beginning in 1782.

The Library staff is unable to provide much more than a limited search by mail. Correspondence pertaining to Revolutionary War materials received by the Library will be handled in the same manner as other requests serviced by the Library to insure a fair allocation of time to all inquiries. The Library cannot respond to requests for information by e-mail or fax. Requests must be specific and include a short summary of known information regarding the Revolutionary War veteran. Please specify the documents you wish to be searched, also making note of any sources you have already had the opportunity to use. Submit your request according to the instructions found in our brochure.

Researchers are encouraged to visit the Library and use the materials in the public search room. Call numbers have been included in the following bibliography to allow patrons greater ease in locating materials. Please remember these numbers are unique to this institution, and may not be helpful in locating the same titles in other libraries. Our collections include other Revolutionary War materials which are not included in this list, especially for states not contiguous to West Virginia. These items can by found on the VTLS catalogue system, using a search of all libraries in the state. Staff members are available in the search room to assist the public.


Brookes-Smith, Joan E., comp. Master Index: Virginia Surveys and Grants 1774-1791. Frankfort, KY: Kentucky Historical Society, [1976]. Alphabetical listing of those who were granted land in what would become Kentucky, including notation of land granted as a result of Revolutionary War Service. R 333.16 S651m

Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Revolutionary War Records, Volume 1. Lancaster, PA: Lancaster Press, Inc., 1936. Virginia Army and Navy forces with Bounty Land Warrants for Virginia Military District of Ohio. Some names in list form only; other within regimental unit. Also: Virginia State Troops with file numbers from U.S. State Department records and half-pay claims from U.S. War Department with Adjutant General's file numbers. R 973.3455 B893

Burgess, Louis A., comp. Virginia Soldiers of 1776. 3 vol. Richmond: Richmond Press, Inc., 1927. Materials abstracted from certificates for military service in Virginia Land Office, and additional sources. Includes Bounty Land Warrant number. Contains some genealogical material. Index in volume 3. R 973.3455 B955

Clark, David Sanders. Index to Maps of the American Revolution in Periodicals: Illustrating The Revolutionary War and Other Events of the Period 1763-1789. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974. Provides citations for the entire Atlantic seaboard as well as the Trans- Allegheny region, naval operations and Canada. R 016.911 C592i

Commission on Historic and Scenic Markers, United States Works Progress Administration, and State Road Commission, comp. Revolutionary War Pension Records. Vols. 1 and 4. Washington, DC: Works Progress Administration, [1940] Copied by W. P. A. workers in U. S. Pension Office, Washington. Includes original pension and certificate numbers. 929.3973 W521

Cox, Rachel W., Brown, Lenore M., Dille, Jennie and Thomas, Isabelle. Revolutionary Soldiers Who Applied for Pensions in Monongalia County, West Virginia. Morgantown, WV: Colonel John Evans Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution, 1942. Typescript transcriptions of original declarations found among Monongalia County Court Records for pension applications of 55 soldiers. R 973.3454 D283r

Dailey, Mrs. Orville D., comp. The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio. Greenfield, Ohio: Greenfield Printing and Publishing, 1938. Alphabetically arranged abstractions of pension applications from Washington. R 973.344 O37

Doran, Michael F. Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia: 1634-1895. Athens, GA: Iberian Publishing Company, 1987. A most comprehensive series of maps displaying decadic summaries of county boundary changes for Virginia and West Virginia. Includes 3 maps for Kentucky prior to statehood. Lists dates of formation for each county and its source. q917.55 D693 Atlas stand.

Eckenrode, H. J. List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1912. Benchmark of lists; compiled from court documents, county histories, manuscript collections at Virginia State Library. Alphabetically arranged. May include regimental number. R 973.3455 V817

Eckenrode, H. J. List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia, Supplement. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1913. Supplement to 1912 edition; names taken from the Continental roles at the U. S. War Department. R 973.3455 V817 Supp.

Fitzpatrick, John C., ed. The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources: 1745-1799. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1931. Names of Washington's officers and men may appear in correspondence, memoranda and other related material from his private and public life. Annotated, idexed. 39 volumes. B W27

[Gardner, Malcolm and Gardner, Louise, comp.] Virginia Revolutionary War State Pensions. [Easly, SC]: Virginia Genealogical Society, [reprinted by Southern Historical Press, 1982] Prefaced by a summary of the various Acts of Congress and the Assembly which shaped the state pension plan, it provides alphabetically arranged synopses of soldier's files. R 973.3455 V817v

Genealogy Committee. Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Monongalia County, W. Va. Morgantown, WV: Colonel John Evans Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1940. Abstracted records for 75 veterans, includes genealogical information gleaned from probate records and marriage bonds. R 973.3454 D238

Greene, Robert Ewell. Black Courage, 1775-1783: Documentation Of Black Participation In The American Revolution. Washington, D. C. : National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1984. Includes compiled list of black pensioners, selected biographical sketches; also military profile of combat experience, and geographical residence and civilian profile of civilian status, occupations, etc. Indexed. 973.315 G799

Gwathmey, John H. Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution. Richmond: The Dietz Press, 1938. Compilation includes previous works by Eckenrode and McAllister with records from U. S. War Department and others. Alphabetically arranged. R 973.3455 G994h

Harper, Josephine L.. Guide to the Draper Manuscripts. Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1983. Organized by series, each entry labeled with pressmarks, synopses of contents. Finding aid for complete Draper Collection: microfilm of original volumes filed in closed stacks. R 016.978 D765

Heitman, Francis B.. Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during The War Of The Revolution. Washington, D. C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, Inc., 1914 Officers of all colonies with brief summary of service, alphabetically arranged. R 355.33 H473 1914

Henderson, Frank D., comp. The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: F. J. Heer Printing Co., 1929. Compiled from sources including county cemeteries, newspapers, U. S. Pension Bureau. Alphabetically arranged. R 973.344 O37 V. 1

Hoyt, Max Ellsworth, and Metcalf, Frank Johnson, and others. Index of Revolutionary War Pension Applications. Washington, D. C.: National Genealogical Society, 1966. Alphabetically listed. Provides pension file numbers for records filmed by National Archives of pension and bounty land warrant applications. Extant material for all states. R 973.344 N277

James, James Alton. George Rogers Clark Papers, 1771-1781. Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Library, 1912. Third of the Virginia series; contains all available Clark papers prior to 1781. Sources include Draper MS and collections of Virginia State Library, Congressional Library, others. Follows Clark's career through plans for expedition against Detroit. 973.30977 C593 V.1

Johnston, Ross B., comp. West Virginians in the American Revolution. Parkersburg, WV: The West Augusta Historical and Genealogical Society, 1959. Alphabetically listed abstracts for veterans living in what is now West Virginia. Includes Virginia militia pension number, where available. Sources include Pension Office in Washington; pension applications in WV counties, county minute books copied by W. P.A. and other sources. R 973.3454 J73w 1959

Kellogg, Louise Phelps. ed Calendar of The Tennessee and King's Mountains Papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts. [Evansville, WI: Antes Press], 1929. Abstracts of Tennessee Papers from folios (XX) and Kings Mountain papers from folios (DD). Marginal press marks indicate series, volume, page and length of original document. R 973.336 W811

Kellogg, Louise Phelps, ed. Frontier Advance on the Upper Ohio 1778-1779. Draper Series, vol. 4. Madison, Wisconsin: Cantwell Printing Company, 1916. Fourth volume in the Draper series, continues with the French alliance, General Hand's recall, siege of Fort Donnally, influence of Moravian missionaries, capture of Hamilton at Vincennes by George Rogers Clark and appointment of General McIntosh, Brodhead at Fort Pitt, border warfare. Draper collection supplemented with items from Washington Papers and Letterbook of Colonel George Morgan. 973.30977 K29

Kellogg, Louise Phelps. ed. Frontier Retreat on the Upper Ohio 1779-1781. Draper Series, vol. 5. Madison, WI: Cantwell Printing Company, 1917. Facsimile Reprint. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Book, Inc., 1994 Continues the chronological organization of Draper material, with supplementation from Washington's, Brodhead's and Clark's papers. Includes Brodhead's command at Fort Pitt, the ambush of Colonal Rogers' expedition, Loyalist activities and the actions of Preston and others to contain it. A list of participants follows with pressmark references to original documents. Indexed. 973.30977 K29r

Leckey, Howard L., The Tenmile Country and Its Pioneer Families. Waynesburg, PA: Waynesburg Republican, 1950. A compilation of historical sketches featuring westward migration into southwestern Pennsylvania and Revolutionary War campaigns which involved local inhabitants. Also petitions, militia rosters, genealogies. Separate index. 974.88 L461

Lewis, Virgil A., The Soldiery of West Virginia. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Originally published as the Third Biennial Report of the Department of Archives and History, 1911. Includes residents of what is now West Virginia in colonial wars, soldiers and pensioners of Revolutionary War; soldiers of Indian Wars, Whiskey Insurrection and later wars. Chapter overview provides historical context for lists. Separate index. 975.4 L676

Linn, John Blair and William H. Egle, ed. War of the Revolution, Battalions and Line 1775- 1783. Volume II. Harrisburg: Lane S. Hart, 1880. Contains synopses and lists of soldiers for almost a dozen Pennsylvania regiments, or those units of Virginia which included Pennsylvanians. 974.8 L84

McAllister, J.T. Virginia Records in the Revolutionary War. Hot Springs, VA: McAllister Publishing Co., [1913]. Declarations of Virginia Militia Pensioners and data extracted and summarized by county. Also: those residing outside of Virginia in 1835, whose pensions were granted for Virginia service. Indexed. 929.3973 M11

Machir, Violette S. Revolutionary Soldiers in Mason Co. (VA) W. Va. n.p., typescript, 1980. Worksheets created while preparing for publication of S. A. R. Graves Registry for Mason County. R 973.3455 M149

Myers, Paul W., comp. Washington County, Pa. Frontier Rangers. Apollo, PA: Closson Press, 1987. Part of contested West Augusta District, Virginia. Alphabetical listing only; includes names of those serving from what is now Greene County. Contains veterans burials from Greene and Washington Counties with name of cemetery. Introductory summary. R 973.3448 M996m

Myers, Paul W. Westmoreland County in the American Revolution. Apollo, PA: Closson Press, 1988. Borders contested West Augusta District, Virginia. Partially indexed; list only. Summaries of military service at regimental level. R 973.3448 M996

National Archives Microfilm Publications. Microcopy 246, Revolutionary War Rolls 1775- 1783. Washington, D. C. : National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1957. Reproductions of pay slips, muster rolls and other related original materials. Organized by colony and by regimental unit. Two step index guides user to proper colony, then "Jacket Number".

National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. DAR Patriot Index, Centennial Edition. Washington, DC: National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1990. Alphabetical listing of patriot, dates and places of birth and death, where available, wife's name. RR 929.373 D283d 1990

National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Index of the Rolls of Honor (Ancestor's Index) in the Lineage Books of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Volumes 1-40. Washington, D. C. : Press of Pierpont, Siviter and Co.., 1916. Lists patriot with relevant volume and page. R 369.135 D238

National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Index of the Rolls of Honor (Ancestor's Index) in the Lineage Books of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Volumes 41-80. Washington, DC: Judd & Detweiler Press, 1940 Lists patriot with relevant volume and page. R 369.135 D238

National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Index of the Rolls of Honor (Ancestor's Index) in the Lineage Books of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Volumes 81-120. Washington, DC: Judd & Detweiler Press, 1940 Lists patriot with relevant volume and page. R 369.135 D238

National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Index of the Rolls of Honor (Ancestor's Index) in the Lineage Books of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Volumes 121-160. Washington, DC: Judd & Detweiler Press, 1940. Lists patriot with relevant volume and page. R 369.135 D238

National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Lineage Book [Volumes 1 - 166] Washington, D.C.: Judd & Detweiler Press, 1890/91-1920. Members arranged by membership number. Provides outline of member's line to ancestor. R 369.135 D238

Neagles, James C. and Lila L. Neagles. Locating Your Revolutionary War Ancestor: A Guide To The Military Records. Logan, UT: The Everton Publishers, Inc., 1983. An overview of the nature on various record groups and sources. Includes a discussion of military records, patriotic societies, the National Archives, the Library of Congress, state resources, and a checklist of publications.

Newman, Harry Wright. Maryland Revolutionary Records. Washington, D.C.: The Tuttle Publishing Company, 1938. Separate alphabetical lists of men receiving pensions, federal bounty land warrants, non-pensioners proved through claims, marriages and non-Marylanders proved through Maryland Revolutionary Pension claims. 929.375 N552m

O'Byrne, Mrs. Roscoe C, comp. Roster of Soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution Buried In Indiana. Brookville, IN: Indiana Daughters of the American Revolution, 1938. Alphabetized abstracts of pension information, many with place of birth as well as Indiana place of residence. Includes pension claim number. R 973.344 D238

Quisenberry, Anderson Chenault. Revolutionary Soldiers of Kentucky. Baltimore: Southern Book Company, 1959. Includes lists of some pensioners residing in Kentucky in 1835, arranged by county. R 973.345 Q8

Reddy, Anne Waller. West Virginia Revolutionary Ancestors. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983. Alphabetical list of those persons found on Public Service claims, with name of county. R 929.3454 R313w

Saffell, W. T. R., Records of the Revolutionary War. New York: Pudney and Russell, Publishers, 1858. Compendium includes explanation of Virginia's cession of Northwest Territory, creation of Virginia Military District, history of Kentucky Military District, Virginia Half-Pay and Revolutionary Pension Laws. 973.3455 S128

Sanchez-Saavedra, E. M., comp. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1978. Review of military units and their service. Synopses of action seen by each unit. Names of officers, including captains. Arranged according to regiment and company. Since captains recruited their own companies, origin of company may be determined by residence of captain. Excellent companion to Eckenrode and Gwathmey. R 973.3455 S211

Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, The 1787 Census of Virginia. Springfield, VA: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. A comprehensive resource for names of white male tithables over 21 years in 90 counties and cities, including 8 which became West Virginia and 7 which became Kentucky. 3 volumes. Indexed. R 929.3 V817 1787

Schweitzer, George K. Revolutionary War Genealogy. Knoxville, TN: Typescript, 1884 R 973.34 S413 1984

Stewart, Robert Armistead. The History of Virginia's Navy of The Revolution. Richmond, Virginia: Mitchell and Hotchkiss, 1933. Includes history of Virginia Naval actions. Alphabetically arranged roster compiled from National Archives pension records, county histories, minutes of Naval Board and other collections at Virginia State Library. Some genealogical material. 973.35 S851

Stryker, William S., comp. Official Register of the Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolutionary War. Trenton: Wm. T. Nicholson and Company, Printers, 1872. Place of origin for some settlers, esp. Tygart Valley. Compiled from manuscripts, payrolls, officers diaries and similar materials by New Jersey Adjutant General's Office. Separate index companion. R 973.3449 N532

Sweeny, Lenora Higginbotham. Amherst County, Virginia In the Revolution: Including Extracts from "THE LOST ORDER BOOK" 1773-1782. Lynchburg: J. P. Bell Company, 1951. Compendium of Amherst County information, including disbursements to wives, widows and orphans, public service claims and other related documentation as well as the regimental lists. R 973.3455 S974

Thwaites, Reuben Gold and Kellogg, Louise Phelps. Frontier Defense on the Upper Ohio, 1777-1778. Draper Series, Volume 3. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, 1912. Facsimile Reprint. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1993. 973.3 T42

Thwaites, Reuben Gold and Kellogg, Louise Phelps. The Revolution on the Upper Ohio, 1775-1777. Draper Series, Volume 2. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, 1908. Covering incidents from the Greenbrier region of Virginia to the post at Kittanning on the Upper Allegheny, West Augusta's committee of safety, Connolly's Plot, Gibson's successful bid to secure gunpowder from the Spanish at New Orleans, guerrilla operations of Pluggy's Band and the call of General Edward hand to Fort Pitt. 973.30977 T548

Trussell, John B. B.. The Pennsylvania Line: Regimental Organization And Operations, 1776-1783. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1977. Overview of regimental organizations, including regional origins of units. Bibliography. 973.3448 T873

[United States Census Bureau.] Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services; Names, Ages and Places of Residence as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts. Washington, D. C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. Information gathered as part of the federal census. Organized by state, county and township. Gives name, age and name of head of household where pensioner lives. Separate index. 929.3973 W274

Virginia State Library. Virginia State Land Office: Locations in Ohio and Kentucky 1779- 1792. Richmond: Virginia State Library Photographic Laboratory, n.d. L.o.V. # 377. A numerically arranged abstract of Virginia Military Land Warrants, Continental Line. Provides name of veteran, total acres awarded, how many acres locates in Ohio, how many in Kentucky. 1 roll microfilm, J-1

Virginia State Library. Virginia State Land Office Military Certificates. Richmond: Virginia State Library Photographic Laboratory, n.d. L. o. V. #669 Arranged numerically, from 1 to 9895, these entries list those serving from Virginia and their entitlement to a warrant based on their service. 3 rolls microfilm, H-1 through H-3

Waters, Margaret R. Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Indiana. n. p. typescript: Indianapolis, 1949. Alphabetical list of 300 names not found in O'Byrne's work. County, place of burial, some pension information.. R 973.344 D238a

Wilson, Howard McKnight. Great Valley Patriots: Western Virginia in the Struggle for Liberty. Verona, VA: McClure Press, 1976. History of the participation of Valley of Virginia inhabitants in the Revolutionary War. Most valuable for its endnotes and bibliography. Indexed. 973.30975 W748

Wilson, Samuel M. Catalogue of Revolutionary Soldiers and Sailors of the Commonwealth of Virginia To Whom Land Bounty Warrants Were Granted by Virginia for Military Services in The War for Independence. Baltimore: Southern Book Company, 1953. Lists warrant number, soldier and date of warrant for veterans receiving land in what became Kentucky. R 973.3455 W753c

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